Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Public Health Nursing Acts in Emergency Disasteres Free Essays

he task for this paper gets some information about a debacle that could occur in my locale. A fiasco is any regular or human-made episode that causes interruption, as well as destruction needing outside help (Stanhope Lancaster, 2012, p.508). We will compose a custom exposition test on General Health Nursing Acts in Emergency Disasteres or then again any comparative point just for you Request Now The motivation behind the paper is to give data how the expert medical attendant respond in the network when a fiasco happen. The catastrophe chose for the paper is a substance plant fire blasts. I live in a region that is accounted for to have many synthetic plants. As far as human-made calamity counteraction, the medical attendant ought to know about high-chance targets and current vulnerabilities and what should be possible to take out or alleviate the defenselessness (Stanhope Lancaster, 2012, p.512). Forestalling, getting ready for, reacting to, and recouping from debacles and crises are the medical caretaker jobs for crisis fiascos. Clinical judgment and dynamic aptitudes Public wellbeing nurses’ abilities are important to give brief lodging, with essential wellbeing needs, for example, water and food assets, for individuals who must empty their homes and gives a sheltered spot to eat, rest. Age points of interest are mulled over in view of weakness and care requirement for the more established grown-up populace and kids. Creating and testing frameworks for childcare and senior consideration during general wellbeing crises could diminish the weight of contending duties regarding medical caretakers (O’Boyle, Robertson, Secor-Turner, 2006). Kids require uncommon security, particularly nursing children, newborn children and under-fives (ODPEM, 1989). A few attendants gifted to rehearse securely and equipped are essential for quiet consideration in case of a calamity in the network. The medical caretakers must know about the ecological variables and the hazard they put to themselves and other during the calamity. The general wellbeing nurse’s information on the land areas of clinical offices and facility to ship patients genuinely harmed requiring care are imperative to all people include in the calamity. Attendants need consciousness of the encompassing clinical offices and administrations gave in their general vicinity, including substitute consideration locales and clinical asylums (Stanhope Lancaster, 2012). The open medical attendants are taught, prepared andâ skilled to react rapidly to help in the calamity. Medical caretakers have special aptitudes for all parts of debacle to incorporate evaluation, need setting, joint effort, and tending to of both preventive and intense consideration needs (Stanhope Lancaster, 2012, p.511). The attendants give training and enthusiastic help to the network. It is the job of the general wellbeing attendant to speak with all medicinal services experts, for example, doctor, different medical attendants, crisis clinical group, the crisis facilitator, and local group of fire-fighters staff effectively taking part in the crisis debacle. Correspondence with human services members will help them in quickly setting up needs and fundamental activities during the crisis fiasco. Correspondence and joint effort among other human services experts is basic for conveying safe viable patient consideration all regions of care. The medical attendants arranged at the Baccalaureate level must know about laws and morals when making clinical decisions, and dynamic. Medical attendants consolidate basic reasoning, exploration and proof base practice, informatics, social affectability and mindfulness in their training when imparting data to other human services proficient. Medical caretakers arranged at the Baccalaureate level are instructed to utilize deferential correspondence and cooperation to help in care coordination, designation, and compromise in any circumstance when thinking about patients and individual in the network. Creating organizations among open and private human services, crisis the executives, and law requirement elements, while utilizing ebb and flow innovation to advance ideal malady recognizable proof and detailing, can improve the day by day limit of a network to react to sickness and infection paying little heed to greatness (CDC, 2013). Nursing Strategies There are methodologies medical attendants can use in crisis catastrophe before it happens. Work with the network giving instruction and educating to distinguish perils that could influence their neighborhood. Use correspondence methods holding open gatherings and occasions for the network outfitted towards improving the public’s comprehension of a debacle and how to address fiascos that may emerge. The wellbeing and security of the network following a calamity of any sort, along these lines, relies upon the capacity of its inhabitants to be â€Å"disaster ready.† (Adams, L., Canclini., S., 2008). Give clear inside and out data about the synthetic compounds perils and the significance ofâ an sorted out reaction to the crisis of a concoction plant blast. Energize associates, by expanding mindfulness that calamity do occur in our networks. give learned data about catastrophes. Set up programs with networks and offices rehearsing drills and correspondence methods. Drills upgrade trust in frameworks, people, systems, and hardware (O’Boyle, Robertson, Secor-Turner, 2006). Nursing initiative for counteraction, readiness and recuperation is basic to guarantee a multi-disciplinary, composed and proof based reaction for compound plant debacle. Albeit general wellbeing attendants can work in numerous limits, they are destined to be conveyed to the â€Å"operations section† in light of the fact that they bring administration limit, expansive comprehension of network frameworks, nursing information, aptitudes, and capacities (ASTDN 2007). During a general wellbeing crisis, word related wellbeing medical caretakers can be instrumentals in encouraging timetables and assignments that limit specialist introduction to genuinely and mentally over-whelming occasions (O’Boyle, Robertson, Secor-Turner, 2006). Limit mistakes attributable to the nonappearance of correspondence among wellbeing experts. Precise correspondence can diminish mishaps and fatalities, stress and passionate clash between social insurance experts and the network populace. To sum up this paper in short. General wellbeing nurses’ jobs are wide. The concentration for attendants in the networks is to forestall maladies, give instructing and training. The general wellbeing nurse’s experience and abilities in case of a crisis debacle advances a positive result. Step by step instructions to refer to Public Health Nursing Acts in Emergency Disasteres, Papers

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Music as Social Commnetary

The finish of the Reagan Administration isn't commonly known for political activism but then during the exceptionally traditionalist Reagan years, the absolute greatest endeavors of music to battle the issues of the world started. John Cougar Mellankamp composed the collection, â€Å"Rain on the Scarecrow† and started the Farm Aid shows to cause to notice the vanishing American family far. Michael Jackson and the melodic tip top of the day composed and performed, â€Å"We Are the World† and Sir Bob Geldof caused to notice the African starvations with his multi-star execution and recording of â€Å"Do They Know It’s Christmas?† Into that political atmosphere, artist/musician Jackson Browne composed and discharged the tune, â€Å"How Long? † on his â€Å"World in Motion† collection discharged in 1989 (â€Å"Ontario Coalition Against Poverty† 1). Hypothesis runs high that Browne may have been legitimately tending to the issues of universa l destitution or may have been talking about the issue of Apartheid in South Africa, avery well known reason for the late 1980s. Browne, the German-conceived child of an American military picture taker, had become notable for his political activism.After composing for the absolute greatest names in the music business including The Byrds and The Eagles (Paris 1), Browne recorded his own music starting in the mid-1970s and coming full circle with his hits â€Å"Running on Empty† and â€Å"The Load Out (Stay)†. At that point, his in the past accommodating music transformed into political proclamation after political articulation. He composed an alliance of performers against atomic vitality after the Three Mile Island mishap and regularly expounded on legislative issues, saying,† nothing is more close to home than your political beliefs.† (Paris 1) But America of the late 1980s was in feel-acceptable mode. The divider was descending in Berlin, the Cold War at an end and the Soviet Union was disintegrating. The collection which highlighted â€Å"How Long† was the most noticeably awful presentation of Browne’s profession, other than his introduction collection when no one knew his name (Wade 1). The starvation in Ethiopia and different pieces of the world were huge news, however to a great extent disregarded with the exception of during feel-great aid ventures and vagrancy in America was an enormous issue as the Reagan period drove the gap between those who are well off and the poor significantly more distant apart.Browne, who was reproachful of dissidents and preservationists the same (Ward 1), worked the tune to get everybody out for their happy acknowledgment of the weapons contest and tremendous military financial plans. Others hypothesize that the tune identifies with the Anti-Apartheid endeavors. The South African emergency was large news during the Reasgan organization with Congress sanctioning exacting limitation on S outh African exchange, starting in 1986, and mainstream society consecrating Nelson and Winnie Mandela.And that enemy of Apartheid development was significant in mainstream society. Deadly Weapon 2 (1989) featured the issues including the race-based separation in South Africa that year the melody was discharged and the pioneer framework initiated by the Dutch didn't end until some other time. Tragically, in any case, the melody appears to be to a great extent lost in time, turning out in the principal year of the administration of George H. W. Hedge when the world acknowledged that the weapons contest was finished and social awareness was starting to take hold.It nearly seems like Browne missed the pontoon with â€Å"How Long† as he was condemning of the military mechanical complex which was at that point during the time spent destroying after the reunification of Germany and the breaking down of the Soviet Union. Moreover, the tune manages the issue of youngsters and starvat ion, yet didn't serve to cause specific to notice the issue around the world, conceivable because of the notions of the tune. The impulses of the tune make it hard to distinguish what social shamefulness specifically Browne planned to address and that may have been his point.While asking as a rule â€Å"How Long? † individuals were eager to endure social foul play the world over, Browne may have assisted with causing to notice both the requirement for atomic demobilization and the need to end Apartheid. We do realize that it requests that the audience think about the youngsters and their future. â€Å"How Long† starts with a section depicting the conceivable outcomes apparent in a child’s face and asks the audience, probably Americans and different residents of the world, to what extent the youngster would endure in the event that it were up to them (â€Å"How Long† Lines 1-8).The issue is that the offspring of the 1980s were not the blossom power age of the 1960s and the inconspicuously was lost. Asking â€Å"How long †would the youngster endure/How long †on the off chance that it was up to you† was not the source of inspiration required in the late 1980s. Oneself ingested age could without much of a stretch simply answer the question and overlook the source of inspiration underneath the words. In fact, there is no proof that the melody had any effect other than as an unpretentious token of what they saw day by day on the news. In the subsequent section, Browne gets somewhat more immediate with his prosecution of the audience yet neglects to call them to action.â€Å"When you consider the cash spent On safeguard by a legislature And the weapons of demolition we've constructed We're certain to the point that we need And you think about the millions and millions That cash could take care of How long †would you be able to hear somebody crying How long †would you be able to hear somebody biting the dust Befo re you wonder why? † (Browne, â€Å"How Long† Lines 9-16) Ultimately, Browne works superbly of calling attention to the political and social issues of the time, yet neglects to take a position on what ought to be done about it.There is a dubious thought that the legislature should quit burning through cash on rocket guard frameworks and atomic weapons for spending on social issues, however he never beseeches his crowd to make a move. Rather, the crowd can basically concur that indeed, it is an issue and afterward return to their own lives without interference or any adjustment in real life. Maybe the one spot where Browne’s work may be viewed as successful is in his last stanza, when he talks about the need to think about the globe uniquely in contrast to the blue and white and green picture seen from space (Browne, â€Å"How Long†).Finally, he asks to what extent until we â€Å"have something to offer where the planet’s concerned? † (â€Å" Browne, â€Å"How Long† Lines 38-39) Though the tune is commonly acknowledged as an enemy of military, ace social change melody, these last lines may have been impacted by his relationship with ecological dissident and entertainer Darryl Hannah and may imply the possibility that individuals need to make a move as to the world’s natural circumstance. In that manner, it might have had some constrained impact on open mindfulness about ecological issues.Realistically however, apparently the main genuine impact of Browne’s work may have been on his profession. Analyst David Marsh, notable for his editorial on awesome music, put it along these lines. â€Å"This is one time Jackson Browne did his words significant equity as a vocalist †it's just an extraordinary bit of singing, obvious, furious, tormented but then throbbing more than all else with an affection that is demonstrated once more to be lacking to hold a real existence together.The question while this m usic and the story unfurl isn't the way the artist will endure †he's as of now disclosed to us that †however how the audience will keep his poise sufficiently long to hear it through. † (Ward 1) The tune may well have been a noteworthy issue and totally fitting for the long perspective on history, yet in the way of life of the occasions, it was excessively antiquated, with insufficient call for direct action.Still, only a couple of years after the fact, Browne got his desire during the Clinton organization when the military mechanical complex was to a great extent destroyed, America’s standing armed force limited and world concerns brought to the cutting edge of American awareness. Politically-sanctioned racial segregation additionally fell in the interceding years, reaching a conclusion in 1994. When the melody had its ideal effect on spending needs, the dry spell had moved and the destitute was in Rwanda and Darfur and Americans had proceeded onward to anoth er music structure and again overlooked the destitute children.Just as Browne’s weep for equity came exceptionally late in the time of Apartheid, it came from the get-go in the call for natural activism and individuals missed its call to make the best choice and care for the offspring of the world. Works Cited Browne, Clyde Jackson. â€Å"How Long? † World in Motion, Elektra Records, 1989. Ontario Coalition Against Poverty, â€Å"Activism and dissent tune verses page† < http://www. ocap. ca/melodies/howlong. html> December 5, 2007. Paris, Russ. â€Å"Jackson Browne: Biography†. <http://www. jrp-designs. com/jb/jbbio. html>, December 5, 2007. Ward, Michael.â€Å"Jackson Browne: the Artist behind the Words† http://media. www. versusmag. organization/media/stockpiling/paper584/news/2003/10/22/Music/Jackson. Browne-547215. shtml>, December 5, 2007. To what extent by Jackson Browne When you investigate a kid's face And you're seeing human kind And the unlimited prospects there Where so much can work out as expected And you think about the wonderful things A youngster can do How long †would the kid endure How long †on the off chance that it was up to you When you think about the cash spent On barrier by a legislature And the weapons of decimation we've assembled

Sunday, August 16, 2020

How Open Office Plans Affect Workplace Productivity

How Open Office Plans Affect Workplace Productivity QUICK INTRODUCTIONThe idea of open office plans has been gaining its popularity in the recent years.However, some people still doubt whether the open office layout can lead to employee productivity.There are also individuals who have worked in both open office layouts and cubicles and still, they cannot decide which of the two setups is better for them.This article will discuss how open office plans affect workplace productivity and what can be done for open office plans to fully work.WHAT IS AN OPEN OFFICE PLAN?Open office plan is an office layout where all the employees and office equipment do their work from a single room.Under an open office layout, every department is usually allocated its own space and all the team members from a given department are located in the same room.Most open office layouts are partitioned by shelves or filing cabinets.The main concept and aim of an open office plan it to improve collaboration, workflow, and employee communications. Many companies see walls as barriers to employee productivity and that is the reason why they opt to use open office layouts.Open office plan ideasOnce you come up with an open office plan concept, you will have endless open office layout possibilities.You can always utilize any open office space in different ways irrespective of its size and achieve maximum productivity.Here are a few open office plan ideas:Desk groups â€" here, you can group several desks together. This setup should allow the employees to face each other but still allow them to walk around their group. Desk groups are very effective for teams and departments because it allows the teams to communicate openly and still feel that they are separated from the other teams or departments sharing the same room.Reduce open-back visibility â€" most of the open office plans are just work desks lined against walls or placed in front of the windows to allow the workers get light that is more natural. Although this is one of the best layouts of a n open office, it is good to minimize the open-back visibility. Rather than having the employees face a window or the wall, you can try to turn the desks to face into the room and that way protects the privacy of their computer screens especially when dealing with sensitive corporate data.Diverse spaces â€" when designing an open office plan, you should understand that it is not necessary for it to have the same plan in the entire office space. You can create private spaces and unique groupings to accommodate different needs. For instance, you can design booths to allow employees have private phone calls as it helps in giving the employees a break from the office monotony as well as reduce the workplace anxiety. Additionally, you can add couches in the office as it also helps in encouraging employee movement in the office, thus affecting the office ergonomics positively.HOW OPEN OFFICE PLANS AFFECT WORKPLACE PRODUCTIVITYOpen office plans have their benefits as well as drawbacks.This means, implementing an open office plan can either improve or hurt workplace productivity.As a result, there have been mixed reactions from different people when it comes to the impacts of open office layouts.So, how does open office plans affect workplace productivity? POSITIVE IMPACTSEnhanced communication between employeesWhen an office does not have physical barriers, you are more likely to communicate with your fellow employees, thus improving teamwork.Enhanced teamwork, on the other hand, boosts the collaboration with your workmates and even the top management employees. Open office plans are also the best choice for freelancers who do not like working alone from their home.Open office plans allow such freelancers to rent shared workspaces/coworking space, thus giving them the opportunity to network and communicate with other freelancers. This is very beneficial to their wellbeing and it can improve their business through networking.FlexibilityOpen office plans can allow you to convert the office to different layouts on regular basis. These offices can be redesigned at any moment without large expense to the company’s budget.Open office plans can also allow you to accommodate more employees at a short notice when a big project comes along unexpectedly.As your company continues to grow, you can easily rearrange the open office layout to fit in more employees; whereas, other office layouts (like cubicle offices) would require you to expand the office space by looking for extra space to rent out, which can be very costly.Enhanced collaborationBy far, this is the greatest benefits of open office workplace plans. When you are working together with your fellow employees in the same office, then you will be likely to share your ideas and ask for input from each other.Although we now have many web-based tools that help with collaboration in our workplaces, person-to-person interaction is much better than these virtual tools.This is because we are social being s and workplace productivity can benefit from interpersonal communication.Improved relationshipsOpen office plans are very effective in building relationships between the employees, which also improves productivity amongst the employees. Cubicle offices can encourage you to work in a single-minded manner, which tends to be unproductive.Open plan offices, on the other hand, make you be more accessible and approachable. It also assists in leveling the playing field and bringing all the team members to the same level of shared information, which also improves productivity.It eliminates barriersMany companies are opting to use open offices because they want to eliminate the barrier between the supervisors and the employees. In open office plans, there are no separate offices for supervisors or managers, and this makes them be more approachable.Once the physical barriers are eliminated, even the CEO can work at the same office with the junior employees, and this makes them feel respected and valued equally.Because everyone in the office feels as the part of the same team, there is usually increased communication and innovation between the employees and the departments.Reduced costsApart from helping employees to work together and in harmony, open office plans also assist the employers in saving a considerable amount of money.When your company is not required to construct a lot of rooms and walls, it ends up saving a significant amount of money.Also, the company can easily construct extra workspaces in the open plan office in case it requires additional employees. In addition, open office plans are more economical when it comes to paying for heating, air conditioning, and electricity bills.Better employee healthA study has shown that sitting down and staring at your computer all day can cause you negative health effects.However, open office plan can be very beneficial for your health since its arrangement can encourage getting up and moving around more often.Further more, open office plans allow natural sunlight from outside and it increases airflow, thus enhancing air quality.As a result, employee alertness and focus are increased, thus improving productivity.NEGATIVE IMPACTSDistractionsOne of the greatest disadvantages of open office plans is the great levels of distraction. If you work in an open office, you will get to hear many conversations and other sounds (for example, mobile phone ringing) occurring around you, which are very distractive.In addition, working in open office plans makes you start noticing the annoying habits of your fellow employees, and this can also distract you from your work.Additionally, open office plans make you develop more innovative ways to prevent the noise from your fellow co-workers from reaching you so you remain focused and it makes you more considerate of other employees working. Privacy issuesIf you have ever worked in a cubicle office, then you will find it hard to work in an open office since it does n ot offer any privacy.Since open office plans require you to work in close quarters to someone else, you will find it hard to do some things like making private phone calls. In addition, the lack of barriers to an open office plan gives your boss the ability to monitor the employees.Even though this is very beneficial for the boss, it can have negative effects on you, especially if you tend to feel anxious when you are closely monitored.Mental health issuesSince open office plans come with increased distractions and lack of privacy, they tend to make employees feel stressed out.Actually, researchers have proved that open office plans make older employees feel discriminated. This, in turn, can cause cardiac issues, anxiety and other issues related to stressful workplaces.When such things happen, these employees quit, increasing the staff turnover rate of the company.Moreover, open office plans make the employees feel that they need to have the ‘productivity appearance.’ As a resul t, these employees start to overwork themselves and they end up being burned-out and ineffective in the end. Open-back visibility, associated with open office plans is also known to cause neurological issues like vertigo.Also, it can make you feel paranoid, especially if you are always looking over your shoulder.Physical health issuesSince open office plans do not have walls, there is a high possibility that an employee with flu or other contagious diseases can spread their viruses or bacteria to their fellow workers.If a significant part of the employees become sick, then the entire company’s productivity will be negatively affected, especially after a great number of their employees take sick leaves.Job satisfactionYes, it is true that open office plans affect employee satisfaction and morale negatively.Research has revealed that there is a direct correlation between reduced job satisfaction and open office plans. The research, which studied 21 employees who were moved to open o ffice plans revealed increased stress levels, the employees were unhappy and negative coworker relations.Six months later, the employees were still unhappy and their employee relations had not improved. HOW TO MAKE AN OPEN OFFICE PLAN WORKToday, many big companies such as Google, eBay, Yahoo and even Facebook have adopted the open office plans.This is because they believe that open office layouts provide more opportunities for employee collaboration, eliminate many phone calls and emails, boost employee relationships and improve transparency.In addition, some companies are switching to open office plans because of cost-saving benefits as well as they tend to attract millennials.However, there are certain things that you should do if you want your open office plan to result in increased productivity and employee satisfaction. These things include:Giving the office workers a choiceThe 2016 UK Workplace survey revealed that “…there is a correlation between workers who rate their or ganization highly on innovation and being able to have flexibility and choice in where to work at different times throughout the day”.The findings from surveying 1100 UK workers, pointed out if staff choose to work in the same shared workspace, they are happier than if they do not have that choice (4.1/5 compared to 3.7/5).This suggests that any fear the management might have of their staff members disappearing to work unobserved in a private location if such space was offered is not backed-up in reality, but also that the employer, if possible, should ask the employees what kind of space they prefer to work in.Optimizing the open office plan for positive workplace productivityOften, there are empty workstations because the employees are spending more time in meetings, or the employees are using most of their time moving from one workstation to another or employees installing desk lamps in their workstations. All of this is an indication of poorly designed office.When designing an open office plan and especially when buying the office furniture, you should always pay attention to both the available space and the desired productivity.You need to address the above-mentioned issues if you want the employees to be productive.So, the question remains â€" how can you optimize an open office layout?Try these few pieces of advice:Do your research â€" conducting research is one of the best ways to determine how your current office layout affects employee productivity. You can monitor your employees for a number of days, monitor how specific areas of the office are being used and even ask the employees to monitor their personal movements. Indications for poor open office layout can include things like employees meeting in the cafeteria because there is no space in the office to meet.Go for efficiency â€" the best way to track the movement of your employees is to determine how much they walk from one place to another within the open office. It is good to keep the emplo yees who work together or the same departments in the same place in an open office in order to boost collaboration. In addition, office equipment like the printer and fax machine should be located conveniently to allow easy accessibility for anyone who uses them.Allow natural light â€" natural light boosts employees’ morale, mood, productivity, and creativity. Therefore, it is essential, to ensure that every employee has access to natural light in the office. Gone are the days when it was believed that only the top executives should have an office with natural lighting. Design the office in a manner that will allow all your employees to access natural light and you will be surprised by the returns.Optimize acoustics â€" the biggest challenge in an open office layout is the increased noise levels. It is good to understand that noise can be a distraction to your employees and it can affect their productivity. Therefore, it is a good idea to ensure that you keep the noisier departmen ts together and separate these departments from the quieter ones (for example, marketing from accounting department). Also, ensure that the office has sound barriers surrounding noisy office equipment. Lastly, you can install carpets, ceiling tiles, and panel systems as they help in absorbing noise.Be mindful of wiring â€" sometimes the cords and wires coming out of the landline phones and computers in the workstations can make the office to look messy and untidy. In addition, these cords can be dangerous to the employees, particularly if they crisscross the walk areas anyhow. Therefore, it is a good idea to design the office in a manner which all the wiring is centrally located to avoid making the office look untidy and posing danger to the employees.Create cluster pods â€" these are also known as cluster workstations or circular core stations and they allow an organization to maximize its floor space and still give its employees a larger work surface and the privacy they desire. T his is usually a win-win for the company. When designing an open office layout, you should understand that there are various workstation design options that can allow you to use the space you have efficiently.Look after ergonomics â€" this is not only about preventing the employees from suffering from backaches or the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. You should ensure that the office has furniture that supports ergonomics as it helps in improving the employees’ mood and health, thus leading to positive productivity.Make space for human natureBy nature, humans are territorial. Everyone believes they need their own space, from ‘my space’ in the cafeteria to personal bubbles.At some point in time, you will need some space that feels like it has and it will give you some level of autonomy and control. While trends come and go, research has revealed that everyone needs personal space at their workplace.A recent report released by the State of the American Workplace revealed that employees a re likely to be more engaged and productive so long as they have a personal workspace.Therefore, employees can feel somehow demotivated if they lack their own personal workspace in the organization and this needs to be addressed. In addition, employees tend to get defensive when told to move from a cubicle office to an open office.Because of this, managers will be required to compromise if they want a successful office transition.There are two lessons that leaders can learn from here:Every employee should have his or her home base, even in the case of open office plans. This can be something like a personal table, chair, shelf or even a locker.You should expect to face negative reactions at the moment when you tell your employees that they must move into an open office. However, good communication and clarity of the reasons for this decision can assist in reducing or eliminating their negative reactions.Use physical space and cultural norms to create flexibilityInterestingly, compan y culture plays a very big role in determining the acceptable and unacceptable methods of working. Many offices have nonverbal signs that demand personal space. In private offices â€" it means closing the door, and in open-plan offices, it means putting on earphones.Once you move your employees into an open office plan, are they able to move to various places that signify that they need their own personal time?Does the office support personal phone calls or even allow private conversations with other employees? Lastly, does every employee understands and accepts these non-written rules and expectations?Every employee knows that it is hard for an employer to satisfy fully his or her needs every time and to predict how the business’ workflow might change in the days ahead.Every job has its work requirements, and every job requires workers who possess unique talents. If this is taken seriously, then we cannot have a ‘one-size-fits-all’ solution in our workplaces.However, it is im portant for employers to provide different types of workspaces, ranging from booths, big group tables, comfortable chairs, both small and large meeting rooms, and even soundproof areas.All these should be provided in order to allow the employees have the freedom to choose where they can work best.According to research, employees who are allowed to move to various parts at their workplace are known to be more productive compared to employees who work from a single workstation.You should focus on the following three things if you want to create flexibility in the workplace:Be considerate how your employees convey the ‘Do Not Disturb’ signal nonverbally.Allow your employees to have different workspaces and give them the freedom to adapt throughout the entire workday.Give your employees an option to work remotely, as well as flextime options as long as the requirements of their roles allow them to do so.Redefine productivityThis is the most critical part when you want to make open o ffice plan to work. It all boils down to collaboration vs. productivity.Those who oppose open office plans have published different articles proving that open office plans have negative effects as they affect privacy and concentration. Therefore, they claim that these offices affect employees’ productivity.However, open office plans are known to promote employee collaborations. Brainstorming and idea-creation sessions can make employees start thinking in new ways.Some people claim that collaboration is not productive when perceived from a traditional office setup. This means that we might be forced to discover new ways to prove how collaborative environments bring business value.The following are some things that assist you to redefine productivity:Engage your employees in conversations about how the company understands the idea of collaboration improving productivity in the workplace.Have more coaching conversations with employees who report to different supervisors to assist the m in resolving their unclear expectations and priorities. TO SUM IT UPIf open office plans are done right, they give your employees the freedom to choose how they want to work.Also, it helps in creating a work environment where employees can develop organic brainstorming.Open office plans can lead to positive productivity when managers put into consideration the organization’s culture, the needs of the employees, and the nature of work done by your employees.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Othello, By William Shakespeare - 893 Words

Shakespeare’s ‘Othello’ is a play that ends tragically with death of the antagonist, Othello who commits suicide after smothering his wife to death. The other tragic death is Lago’s murder of Roderigo. Lago, who may be considered as the villain of the play, is in a way responsible for all the tragic deaths in the play. He is a schemer who is able to conceal his moves and is considered an honest person by almost every character in the play until the end of the play when it is discovered that he is treacherous and manipulative. Contrary to this perception by most of the characters in the play, Lago is a schemer who is manipulative and treacherous. He is envious of other characters especially Othello who appoints the inexperienced Cassio as a lieutenant and bypasses him. He is determined to revenge because of this and his desire to revenge spurs the tragedy in the play. This paper attempts to show how Iago s need for revenge leads to his murder of Roderigo, Ot hello s murder of Desdemona, and Othello s suicide. Though many readers and critics blame lago for the tragic events in the play, there are those who believe that he is not solely responsible for the tragic events of the play. According to such critics there are many other factors that spur the tragic events in the play. Cameron, one such critic, attributes the tragic events of the play to Othello. Cameron (573) observes: â€Å" Othello should be held responsible for some of the tragic events in the play. He is directlyShow MoreRelatedOthello, By William Shakespeare957 Words   |  4 Pagesinnocent person kills himself while not knowing the truth. The best example of that would be the play Othello by the great William Shakespeare. As little as a handkerchief could make a difference if it is a symbol for something. In the play Othello by Shakespeare, handkerchief is first introduced by Othello to his beautiful mistress, Desdemona, as a sign of their love. At the end of the play what gets Othello to take extreme measures by the locati on of the handkerchief. As the symbol of the handkerchiefRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare1599 Words   |  7 Pages William Shakespeare’s 16th century play Othello is a duplicitous and fraudulent tale set alternatingly between Venice in act 1, and the island of Cyprus thereafter. The play follows the scandalous marriage between protagonist Othello, a Christian moore and the general of the army of Venice, and Desdemona, a respected and intelligent woman who also happens to be the daughter of the Venetian Senator Brabantio. Shakespeare undoubtedly positions the marriage to be viewed as heroic and noble, despiteRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare1218 Words   |  5 PagesIn a historical time period where emphasis was shifting from religion to race and ethnicity, key indicators of differences that perpetuated into racial prejudice and racial ideologies are evident in Othello by William Shakespeare. Although racism was not fully formed at this moment in history, Othello can be interpreted as a representation and an exploration of this shift in ideology. In the past, before this change to ward racial differences, religion was the major segretory factor in signifyingRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare894 Words   |  4 Pagesthose that which occurred in Othello written by William Shakespeare. Throughout the play Othello, we see the struggles of a marriage that is not accepted by their society. Othello is a extremely cherished black general living in a primarily white community. The play begins with Othello secretly becoming married to a white woman named Desdemona. This reasons others who are white to become angry and excuse to dislike this black man further more than they already do. Othello is a downward spiral from loveRead MoreOthello by William Shakespeare790 Words   |  3 PagesThroughout Othello by William Shakespeare, Othello makes numerous poor decisions due to his jealousy. Hitting Desdemona, trusting Iago, and killing Desdemona are among a few of the poor decisions that he makes. The word jealous can be defined as feeling or showing suspicion of som eones unfaithfulness in a relationship. Othello feels suspicious of Desdemona’s and Cassio’s relationship because of the lies that Iago tells him. Many people try to tell Othello the truth but he only believes the wordsRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare1923 Words   |  8 Pagesdissatisfaction or complication is shown. Firstly in Othello love is presented as ephemeral and transient while atonement love is presented as unrequited and finally in cat on a hot tin roof love is presented as painful and troublesome due to unreciprocated feelings. The tragic plot of Othello hinges on the potential of the villain, Iago, to deceive other characters, above all Roderigo and Othello, through encouraging them to misinterpret what they see. Othello is prone to Iago s ploys seeing that he himselfRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare941 Words   |  4 Pageswas Williams Shakespeare’s play Othello which depicts the tragedy of Othello, a Morris Captain. What is different about Shakespeare play is that the tragic hero is the black Othello and the villain a white Iago. Therefore, Shakespeare depiction of Othello as a tragic character and Iago as a villain, challenges Elizabethan’s stereotypes regarding individuals of African descent. Shakespeare challenges the stereotypical â€Å"type –casting of the black man† in Elizabethan society by depicting Othello asRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare1152 Words   |  5 Pages‘Othello’ was a tragedy of incomprehension at the deepest level of human dealings as no one in the play came to an understanding of himself or any of the surrounding characters. The play ‘Othello’ by William Shakespeare focused on tragedy through the anguish of the main character ‘Othello’ which lead to the suffering and death of numerous characters including himself. Appearance Vs. Reality challenged human dealings within the play ‘Othello’ as no-one came to see anyone’s true self and no-one seesRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare1178 Words   |  5 Pagesprofitable in condition of good and immorality. Othello is presented as good and Iago as evil, but Iago and Othello’s relationship also shares a distrust of their wives. The overall logical argument is based on love, jealousy and betrayal between two lovers that ultimately leads to their separation because of Iago’s evil plan. I am using this article to agree with Berry s view on how Iago separates two lovers just so he can take retaliation on Othello by manipulating everyone to unmasking their trueRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare1140 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"Othello† is a play written by William Shakespeare in 1603. In this play, Shakespeare features three major characters: Othello, Iago, and Desdemona. Othello, a black man, and Desdemona, a white venetian secretly eloped in the play. Iago shows racism and prejudice towards their relationship because of their skin colors. In the play, Iago says: â€Å"Even now, now, very now, an old black ram is tupping your white ewe. Arise, arise! Awake the snorting citizens with the bell, or else the devil will make a

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Literature And Art The Sun Also Rises, The Great Gatsby,...

Many pieces of literature and art take place during an important event in history. The authors of the books and the artists wanted the reader or the observer to understand that the characters and the story they wrote or drew was based on their perspective of the era when their written books or painting. In this essay I will be talking about the events in literature (The Sun Also Rises, The Great Gatsby, and Night) and art (The Scream, and The Persistence of Memory). I will be showing you example indication what event which books and art came from by showing you quotes or explaining how it related to what event. The first piece of literature I will talk about take place during The Lost Generation. The Lost Generation was a time after World War I a group of writers believed that a generation was â€Å"lost† in the sense that traditional beliefs was not important in the postwar world making many people seemed physiologically and morally empty. The term originated from Ernest Hem ingway who wrote The Sun Also Rises (1926). This book is about a World War I veteran name Jake Barnes who meets Brett Ashley, who he met during the war was a nurse during the war that Jake and his friend, Robert Cohn, fall in love with. But they can’t be together because the war caused Jake to become impotent. She leaves for San Sebastian with her fiancà ©, Mike Campbell. While Brett, Cohn, and Mike are both traveling outside of Paris, one of Jake’s friends, Bill Gorton, arrive in Paris. He devises a planShow MoreRelatedRoaring Twenties : A Decade Of Extravagance939 Words   |  4 Pagesa new era, and literature was at the forefront to change. In the Twenties literature was booming with authors such as F. Scott Fitzgerald, T.S. Eliot, William Falkner, Langston Hughes, and Ernest Hemmingway all found their spotlight each with an original work of literature that got the human race not only entertained but aware. In the novel The Great Gatsby, penned by F. Scott Fitzgerald, a story about a rich man living in the early 1920’s New York. The titular character, Gatsby, has an interestingRead More Biography of Ernest Hemingway Essay3737 Words   |  15 Pageswrote for the school newspaper. At Oak Park and River Forest High School, Ernest reported and wrote articles, poems and stories for the schools publications largely based on his direct experiences. Hemingway was awarded the 1954 Nobel Prize for Literature. He was unable to attend the award ceremony in Stockholm, because he was recuperating from injuries sustained in an airplane crash while hunting in Uganda. In July, 1961, he ended his life in Ketchum, Idaho. Hemingway may have been a homosexualRead MoreThe Disillusionment of American Dream in Great Gatsby and Tender Is the Night19485 Words   |  78 PagesThe disillusionment of American dream in the Great Gatsby and Tender is the night Chapter I Introduction F. Scott Fitzgerald is the spokesman of the Jazz Age and is also one of the greatest novelists in the 20th century. His novels mainly deal with the theme of the disillusionment of the American dream of the self-made young men in the 20th century. In this thesis, Fitzgerald’s two most important novels The Great Gatsby(2003) and Tender is the Night(2005) are analyzed. Both these two novelsRead MoreBrief Survey of American Literature3339 Words   |  14 PagesBrief Survey of American Literature 1. Beginnings to 1700 Great mixing of peoples from the whole Atlantic basin Bloody conflicts between Native Americans (or American Indians) and European explorers and settlers who had both religious and territorial aspirations - Native American oral literature / oral tradition - European explorers’ letters, diaries, reports, etc., such as Christopher Columbus’s letters about his voyage to the â€Å"New world†. - Anglo (New England) settlers’ books, sermonsRead MoreStudy Guide Literary Terms7657 Words   |  31 Pages AP Literary and Rhetorical Terms 1. 2. alliteration- Used for poetic effect, a repetition of the initial sounds of several words in a group. The following line from Robert Frosts poem Acquainted with the Night provides us with an example of alliteration,: I have stood still and stopped the sound of feet. The repetition of the s sound creates a sense of quiet, reinforcing the meaning of the line 3. allegory – Where every aspect of a story is representative, usually symbolicRead MoreSAT Top 30 Essay Evidence18536 Words   |  75 Pages.................................. 27 Fiction and Literature: Hamlet by William Shakespeare (â€Å"To be? Or not to be?†) ...................................................................... 29 Harry Potter by J.K. Rowling (Witches, Wizards, and Muggles!) .......................................................... 31 Lord of the Flies, by William Golding (Murderous schoolboys stranded on an island!) ......................... 33 The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald (The famous American novel)Read MoreIntroduction : How ve He Do That?10829 Words   |  44 PagesIntroduction: How’d He Do That? Mastering literature is an art that can only be perfected with lots of practice and understanding memory, symbol, and pattern; this only enhances the reading and provokes the reader to analyze the text in a more productive way. Once you become a more avid reader you will be privileged to make comparisons, connections, and your own conclusion from the literary work you’re reading with certain aspects of many different literary works you’ve read along the way. Not onlyRead MoreEssay on 103 American Literature Final Exam5447 Words   |  22 Pagesplayful willingness to use their work to make ironic, self-reflexive comments on the status of writing and literature itself (B) a preoccupation with making the observable surfaces of the world described in fiction seem lifelike and an interest in portraying the complexity of the interior moral and psychological lives of characters (C) a commitment to elevating the tone of American national literature by depicting characters who face difficult challenges with honor, honesty, and grace (D) a convictionRead MoreANALIZ TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS28843 Words   |  116 Pagesreader explains what the text reveals under close examination. Any literary work is unique. It is created by the author in accordance with his vision and is permeated with his idea of the world. The reader’s interpretation is also highly individual and depends to a great extent on his knowledge and personal experience. That’s why one cannot lay down a fixed â€Å"model† for a piece of critical appreciation. Nevertheless, one can give information and suggestions that may prove helpful. PLOT The Elements

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Dispersion and Its Types in Fiber Optics Free Essays

Dispersion: The speed of light is slower in various materials than it is in a vacuum or outer space. When the light passes into a material at an angle, the light beam is bent or refracted according to Snell’s Law and the index of refraction of the material. But also, the speed of light through a material varies slightly with the wavelength or frequency of the light. We will write a custom essay sample on Dispersion and Its Types in Fiber Optics or any similar topic only for you Order Now Thus, each wavelength is refracted at a slightly different angle when passing through a material at an angle. This spreading out of beam of light is called dispersion. Types of Dispersions and ways to reduce: Chromatic Dispersion: Chromatic dispersion results from the spectral width of the emitter. It is a term used to describe the spreading of a light pulse as it travels down a fiber when light pulses launched close together(high data rates) spread too much and result in errors and a loss of information. The spectral width determines the number of different wavelengths that are emitted from LED or laser. One way to reduce chromatic dispersion is to narrow the spectral width of the transmitter. Chromatic dispersion can be compensated for with the use of dispersion-shifted fiber (DSF). Laser has a more narrow spectral width than LEDs. A monochromatic laser emits only one wavelength and therefore, does not contribute to chromatic dispersion. Modal Dispersion: Modal dispersion deals with the path (mode) of each light ray. Most transmitters emit many different modes. Lower order modes travel a shorter distance. Some of these light rays will travel parallel to the center of the fiber while repeatedly bounce off the cladding/core boundary to high order modes their way the waveguide. The modes that enter at sharp angles are called high-order mode, which having direction towards cladding. These modes take longer path to travel through the fiber than the low-order modes and therefore it cusses of modal dispersion. One way to reduce modal dispersion is to use graded-index fiber. The graded-index fiber’s cladding is doped so that the refractive index gradually decreases over many layers. Graded Index Fiber has a different core structure from single mode and multimode step index fibers. In Graded index fiber the value of the refractive index changes from the centre of the core. With a graded-index fiber, the light follows a more curved path. The high-order modes spend most of the time traveling in the lower-index cladding layers near the outside of the fiber. These lower index core layers allow the light to travel faster than in the higher index center layers. Modal dispersion can be completely eliminated by using a single-mode fiber. Single mode fiber transmits only one mode of light so there is no spearding of the signal due to modal dispersion. Material Dispersion: Material dispersion is the phenomenon whereby material causes a bundle of light to spread out as it propagates. We know that a laser pulse contains a continuum of wavelengths in a small range. The index of refraction of a material is dependent on the wavelength, so each frequency component actually travels at a slightly different speed. Material dispersion contributes to group delay, along with waveguide delay distortion, differential mode delay and multimode group delay spread. How to cite Dispersion and Its Types in Fiber Optics, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Herodotus Essay Research Paper As Herodotus develops free essay sample

Herodotus Essay, Research Paper As Herodotus develops his History he diverges from the chief facet of his narrative many times throughout the text. Many wonder why Herodotus diverges from the chief point by presenting minor characters who do non look relevant to the cardinal subject. Some consider this method of narrative confusing and pointless but I believe that Herodotus has a intent for including these minor figures and that these characters help show Herodotus political orientation towards proper moral and political systems. These minor figures are developed and manipulated by Herodotus in order to show his thoughts and he is able to carry through this because these characters are flexible in the sense that the readers ( and hearers ) do non hold a sensitivity when introduced to these characters. By closely analysing the minor characters throughout book seven we realize Herodotus # 8217 ; purpose behind the inclusion of these characters is to show his beliefs on the proper ethical motives people should exhibi t and to demo how Tyranny is a hapless signifier of authorities. As the History unfolds Herodotus diverges from the cardinal thought by presenting characters which do non look to match with that cardinal subject. These diverges serve teach the reader as to Herodotus # 8217 ; position on moral issues. Herodotus expresses his position on the manner decease should be perceived by society through the words of Artabanus. Xerxes represents the common perceptual experience of decease when he is look up toing the enormousness of his ground forces and begins to cry because he realizes that they will all be gone in short span of clip. Artabanus tells Xerxes # 8220 ; Life is gives us greater juncture for commiseration that this. Short as his life is, no adult male is happy # 8230 ; but many times, to wish himself dead instead alive ( Artabanus 7.46 ) . # 8221 ; Herodotus is explicating through these words that decease should non be seen in a negative position because life brings adult male so much problems and anguish that he desires for decease to come upon him. Artabanus tells us of these problems when he says # 8220 ; For there are catastrophes that meet him and diseases that derange him, so that they make this life # 8230 ; look long ( Artabanus 7.46 ) . # 8221 ; Even though people may hold with Xerxes actions that decease should be pitied but Herodotus does demo that life brings calamity to adult male and that decease may move as an flight from these calamities. We are able to see the manner proper behaviour should be displayed when 1 has been dishonored harmonizing to Herodotus. In book seven Gelon, tyrant of Syracuse, is requested for helpers to conflict Persia by Athens. Gelon is ferocious with this petition because Athens dishonored him by declining to assist in the yesteryear. Gelon strongly tells Athens # 8220 ; When I begged you to bear a manus with me in the battle against a barbaric enemy # 8230 ; when I kept pressing you to revenge the slaying of Dorieus # 8230 ; you did non come aid, either for my interest or to revenge the slaying of Dorieus ( Gelon 7.158 ) . # 8221 ; Many people would non oppugn Gelon for non assisting the Athenians against the Iranian invasion since they have been dishonored and now are a Providence of Persia but he does offer the Athenians aid. Herodotus uses Gelon to demo how one should turn the other cheek when Gelon says # 8220 ; But though I have met dishonour from you, I will non be like you ( Gelon 7.158 ) # 8221 ; and he offers ships and soldiers to the Athenians. Herodotus shows that one should contend in conflict under any circumstance in different cases throughout book seven. As Xerxes Marches towards Greece he and his ground forces are provided nutrient, shelter, and money by Pythius. All that Pythius asks for in return for his # 8220 ; generousness # 8221 ; is that is firstborn boy does non travel to war with Persi a and stays to care for him. Xerxes is enrages with this petition because non contending is non acceptable by anyone non even to the male monarch himself. Xerxes says â€Å"Vile animal, I am myself processing to Greece, and with me are my kids, my brothers, my family, and my friends ( Xerxes 7.39 ) † and he punishes Pythius for even sing his boy non contending by slaying his eldest boy. Another illustration of Herodotus’ position on combat is when the Spartans are entrapped by the Persians and want to conflict to the decease. Leonidas one of the male monarchs of Sparta knew his destiny was to decease if he went to conflict the Persians because it was prophesied before the war began. His destiny was to decease but he still went to contend the Iranis at the conflict of Thermopylae and â€Å"for himself he thought it would be dishonourable to go forth ( Leonidas 7.220 ) .† Herodotus besides uses these diverges to show that Tyranny is a hapless signifier of authorities. Herodotus shows that Tyranny is a signifier of authorities that contains mistakes which are non good to the people or the province as a whole. Herodotus uses Artabanus to demo how a authorities controlled by one adult male is more susceptible to doing bad determinations. Artabanus is reding Xerxes non to pay war on Greece by stating him of the past errors of former male monarchs. He tells Xerxes # 8220 ; I told your male parent, my brother Darius, non to pay war against the Scythian # 8221 ; and # 8220 ; He made his run and returned, holding lost many good work forces from his ground forces ( Artabanus 7.10 ) . # 8221 ; He besides tells Xerxes of other yesteryear failed conquerings ; Cyrus # 8217 ; expedition against the Massagentae and Cambyses # 8217 ; onslaught on the long lived Ethiopians. Herodotus besides says through Artabanus that # 8220 ; It is a awful thing, even to hear , that all the power if the King should lie at the disposal of one adult male ( Artabanus 7.10 ) . # 8221 ; Some may state that all male monarchs have advisers that help him do right determinations but as Herodotus demonstrates the male monarch does non ever listen to his advisers sound advice as in the instance of Xerxes and Artabanus. In a Oppressive signifier of authorities the people within the authorities are non content functioning under a one adult male regulation, harmonizing to Herodotus. In book seven Xerxes asks Demaratus to state him how Greece will fair under when invaded by Persia # 8217 ; s monolithic ground forces. Demaratus tells the male monarch that he will talk the truth about the Spartans because it was requested of him and he says # 8220 ; in no manner will they accept our proposal bearing bondage to Greece, and the 2nd is that they will dispute you to conflict, even though all the other Greek were on your side ( Demaratus 7.102 ) . # 8221 ; Xerxes can non believe that the Spartans would contend against such odds but Demaratus explains that they fight for a greater cause so the Persians. He tells Xerxes # 8220 ; They have as the tyrant over them Law, and the fright him more so your work forces fear you ( Demaratus 7.104 ) . # 8221 ; Herodotus is showing that persons under the regulation of democracy are more content so persons under Tyranny because they fight more valorously for their authorities. Herodotus uses the debut of characters to diverge from the cardinal thought of his subject and he uses this technique to show his positions on moral and political subjects. These controversial subjects come up while he is blossoming his History and he uses these characters to show his ain sentiment on these topics. An illustration of Herodotus # 8217 ; confronts moral topics during his narrative when he talks about decease, giving to 1s pride, and honest combat. He besides uses these characters to demo that Tyranny is non a good signifier of authorities. Bibliography Herodotus Translated by David Green